Monday, May 16, 2022

Monday Asia Events May 16, 2022

TAIWAN’S ECONOMY DURING A TIME OF GLOBAL UNCERTAINTY. 5/16
, 8:30-11:00am (EDT), WEBINAR or IN PERSON, Washington DC. Sponsor: US-Taiwan Business Council; Brookings. Speakers: Ryan Hass, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for East Asia Policy Studies, John L. Thornton China Center, Yale Law School; Yun Sun, Nonresident Fellow, Global Economy and Development, Africa Growth Initiative; Matthew Goodman, William E. Simon Chair in Political Economy and Senior Adviser for Asian Economics, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Syaru Shirley Lin, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for East Asia Policy Studies; Rupert Hammond-Chambers, President, U.S.-Taiwan Business Council; Maryam Cope, Head of U.S. Government Affairs, ASML; Julie G. Welch, Vice President, Government Affairs, Asia Pacific, Qualcomm; Patrick Wilson, Vice President, Government Affairs, MediaTek. 

GLOBAL AGREEMENT ON PLASTIC POLLUTION AND ACCELERATING U.S. AND JAPANESE ACTION. 5/16, 9:00-10:30am (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsors: China Environment Forum; Science and Technology Innovation Program; Environmental Change and Security Program. Speakers: Felipe E. Victoria, Senior Manager for International Plastics Policy; Vien Tran, Vietnam Senior Manager at Ocean Conservancy; Hiroshi Ono, Director-General, Global Environment Bureau, Ministry of Environment; Ko Morishita, Director, Global Environment Division, International Cooperation Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Go Kobayashi, Principal Coordinator for International Affairs, Office for Policies Against Marine Plastic Pollution, Environmental Management Bureau, Ministry of Environment; Larke Williams, Foreign Affairs Officer, Waste Management Team Lead, Office of Environmental Quality (OES/ENV); U.S. Department of State; Atsushi Sunami, President of Sasakawa Peace Foundation, and Adjunct Professor, Executive Advisor to the President, and Director of the Science for RE-designing Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (SciREX) Center in Japan. 

SCHRIEVER SPACEPOWER FORUM: LT GEN STEPHEN WHITING. 5/16, 9:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies. Speaker: Lt Gen Stephen Whiting, Commander of Space Operations Command.

THE DISINFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD: FRIEND OR FOE TO FREEDOM? 5/16, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Hudson Institute. Speakers: Robert McDowell, Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute; Nadine Strossen, John Marshall Harlan II Professor of Law, Emerita at New York Law School; Robert Corn-Revere, Partner, Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, Adjunct Scholar, Cato Institute; Michael W. McConnell, Richard and Frances Mallery Professor and Director of Constitutional Law Center, Stanford Law School, Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution. 

INDIA AND THE SINO-RUSSIAN REORDER IN EURASIA. 5/16, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), IN-PERSON & VIRTUAL. Sponsor: East-West Center in Washington (EWCW). Speakers: Dr. Jagannath P. Panda, Head, Stockholm Centre for South Asian and Indo-Pacific Affairs (SCSA-IPA) Institute for Security & Development Policy (ISDP), Sweden and Dr. Satu P. Limaye, Vice President, East-West Center & Director, East-West Center in Washington. 

THE GREAT EXPERIMENT: A BOOK EVENT WITH YASCHA MOUNK. 5/16, 12:30-1:30pm (EDT), WEBCAST. Sponsor: AEI. Speakers: Stan Veuger, Senior Fellow, AEI; author, Yascha Mounk, Associate Professor of the Practice of International Affairs, Johns Hopkins University; Shikha Dalmia, Visiting Fellow, Program on Pluralism and Civil Exchange, Mercatus Center; Nicholas Eberstadt, Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy, AEI; Yuval Levin, Director, Social, Cultural, and Constitutional Studies, AEI.  PURCHASE BOOK: https://amzn.to/3N1rfGj

ANTITRUST LAW AND BIG TECH: PRESENT AND FUTURE. 5/16, 1:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: R Street. Speakers: George Slover, Senior Counsel for Competition Policy, Center for Democracy and Technology; Alden Abbott, Senior Research Fellow, Mercatus Center; Daniel Hanley, Senior Legal Analyst, Open Markets Institute; Christopher Yoo, Professor, University of Pennsylvania Law School. 

ON THE FUTURE OF THE MARINE CORPS: DEBATING FORCE DESIGN 2023. 5/16, 1:00-2:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Hon Dov S. Zakheim, Former Secretary of Defense (Comptroller); Hon. Robert Work, Former Deputy Secretary of Defense; Paul Van Riper, LtGen, USMC (Retired), Former Commander, Marine Corps Combat Development Command; Anthony Zinni, Gen, USMC (Retired), Former Commander, Central Command (CENTCOM). 

CHINA’S HUMAN CAPITAL LANDSCAPE. 5/16, 1:30-2:30pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Ryan Hass, Senior Fellow, Michael H. Armacost Chair in the Foreign Policy Program, Brookings; Emily S. Weinstein, Research fellow, Center for Security and Emerging Technology, Georgetown University; Leta Hong Fincher, Author, Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China.  PURCHASE BOOK: https://amzn.to/3sogDts

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY AND THE AMERICAN VOTER WITH DAVID AXELROD. 5/16, 2:00-3:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Carnegie. Speakers: David Axelrod, Founder and Director, Institute of Politics, University of Chicago. Aaron David Miller, Senior Fellow, Carnegie. 

WHO WINS? WHO LOSES? THE SIX FACES OF GLOBALIZATION AND WHY IT MATTERS. 5/16, 4:00-5:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Nicolas Lamp, Associate Professor, Queen's University; Anthea Roberts, Professor and Director, CIGJ Centre for International Governance and Justice (CIGJ), Australia National University. 

Sunday, May 8, 2022

Monday Asia Events May 9, 2022

STRENGTHENING THE U.S.-JAPAN ALLIANCE: PERSPECTIVE FROM TWO AMBASSADORS. 5/9, 7:30-8:30am (EDT), ONLINE EVENT. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Rahm Emanuel, U.S. Ambassador to Japan; Tomita Koji, Ambassador of Japan to the United States; Michael J. Green, Senior Vice President for Asia, Japan Chair, and Henry A. Kissinger Chair. s

REALIZING WOMEN, PEACE & SECURITY IN UKRAINE. 5/9, 10:00-11:30am (EDT), ONLINE EVENT. Sponsor: Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security, GTU. Speakers: Amb. Oksana Markarova, Ambassador of Ukraine to the United States; Helga Schmid, Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); Yevheniia Kravchuk, Member of the Parliament of Ukraine (Verkhovna Rada); Olha Aivazovska, Chairwoman of the Board, Civil Network OPORA; Kateryna Cherepakha, President, La Strada Ukraine; Natalia Karbowska, Director of Strategic Development, Ukrainian Women’s Fund; Moderator: Amb. Melanne Verveer, Executive Director, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security.

DEFENSE TRANSFORMATION IN JAPAN? EXAMINING THE LDP’S RECOMMENDATIONS. 5/9, Noon-12:30pm (EDT). Sponsor: Hudson. Speakers: Itsunori Onodera, Former Defense Minister, Japan, Member, House of Representatives of Japan; Masahisa Sato, Former State Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan; Takashi Yamashita, Former Minister of Justice, Japan; Moderator: Kenneth R. Weinstein, Walter P. Stern Distinguished Fellow, Hudson Institute. 

UNITED STATES, EUROPE, AND JAPAN: TRILATERAL COOPERATION IN THE INDO-PACIFIC. 5/9, 3:30-4:45pm (EDT), CSIS Headquarters / Live Webcast. Sponsors: CSIS; Centre for Security, Diplomacy and Strategy (CSDS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel’s School of Governance. Speakers: Yuichi Hosoya, Professor of International Politics, University of Keio; Eva Pejsova, Senior Japan Fellow, CSDS; Luis Simon, Director, CSDS; Pierre Morcos, Visiting Fellow, Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program; Michael J. Green, Senior Vice President for Asia, Japan Chair, and Henry A. Kissinger Chair; Max Bergmann, Director, Europe Program. 

HOLDING TOGETHER: THE HIJACKING OF RIGHTS IN AMERICA AND HOW TO RECLAIM THEM FOR EVERYONE. 5/9, 5:00-6:00pm (EDT), ZOOM. Sponsor: Freedom House. Speakers: Sushma Raman, Author and Executive Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University; John Shattuck, Author, Member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Senior Fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard University. Moderator: Nicole Bibbins Sedaca, Executive Vice President for Strategy and Programs at Freedom House.  PURCHASE BOOK: https://amzn.to/3kRsE6w

Sunday, April 24, 2022

Asia Events Monday April 25, 2022

FRANCE HAS VOTED: WHAT’S NEXT FOR EUROPEAN SECURITY AND TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION? 4/25, 9:00-10:00am (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF). Speakers: Sylvie Kauffmann, Editorial Director & Columnist, Le Monde; Pierre Morcos, Visiting Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Edgar Tam, Visiting Senior Fellow, GMF; Martin Quencez, Deputy Director, Research Fellow, Security & Defense program, GMF (Paris Office). 

WAR LEGACIES AND THE ENVIRONMENT. 4/25, 9:00-10:15am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Stimson Center. Speakers: Sera Koulabdara, Legacies of War; Erin Lin, Department of Political Science, Ohio State University; Doug Weir, Research and Policy Director, Conflict and Environment Observatory; Claire Yunker, Executive Director of PeaceTrees Vietnam; Moderator: Charles Bailey, War Legacies Working Group. 

SUMMIT FOR DEMOCRACY’S YEAR OF ACTION: AN UPDATE FROM THE BIDEN ADMINISTRATION. 4/25, 10:00-11:00am (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Society for International Development. Speakers: Rosarie Tucci, Director, Democracy, Rights and Governance Center, USAID; Patrick Quirk, Senior Director for Strategy, Research, and Center for Global Impact, International Republican Institute (IRI); Barbara Smith, Vice President, Peace Programs, Carter Center. 

ENSURING ACCOUNTABILITY FOR SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN CONFLICT. 4/25, 10:00-11:30am (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: Peace and Security, Georgetown Institute For Women. Speakers: The Honorable Pramila Patten, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, United Nations; Wai Wai Nu, Founder, Director, Women’s Peace Network, Myanmar; Oleksandra Matviychuk, Human Rights Activist, Chair, Center for Civil Liberties, Ukraine; Arsalan Suleman, Former Acting U.S. Special Envoy, Organization of Islamic Cooperation; Dr. Robert Nagel, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace, and Security; Amb. Melanne Verveer, Executive Director, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace, and Security. 

THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET EMPIRE AND THE SEEDS OF THE NEW EUROPEAN WAR. 4/25, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Starr Forum, MIT. Speaker: Vladislav Zubok, Professor of International History, LSE; Moderators: Carol Saivetz, Senior Advisor, Security Studies Program, MIT; Elizabeth Wood, Professor of history, MIT. 

THE VORTEX: A TRUE STORY OF HISTORY'S DEADLIEST STORM, AN UNSPEAKABLE WAR, AND LIBERATION. 4/25, Noon-1:30pm (EDT), IN-PERSON & ZOOM WEBINAR, Washington, DC. Sponsor: George Washington University (GW). Speakers: Marcus D. King, John O. Rankin Associate Professor of International Affairs, Director, Master of Arts in International Affairs Program, ESIA, GW; Deepa Ollapally, Research Professor of International Affairs, Associate Director, Sigur Center, GW. 

PROSPECTS FOR THE POST-COVID ASIAN ECONOMY WITH ADB CHIEF ECONOMIST. 4/25, 12:30-1:30pm (EDT), IN-PERSON, Washington, DC. Sponsor: Reischauer Center. Speaker: Dr. Albert Park, Chief Economist, Asian Development Bank (ADB); Moderator: Kent E. Calder, Director, Edwin O. Reischauer Center, East Asian Studies. 

INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM 2022 ANNUAL REPORT: KEY FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. 4/25, 2:00-3:00pm (EDT), IN-PERSON, Washington, DC. Sponsor: U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF). Speakers: Senator Marco Rubio (R-Florida), Nadine Maenza, Chair, USCIRF; Nury Turkel, Vice Chair, USCIRF. 

GREAT WALL OF STEEL: CHINA'S GLOBAL CAMPAIGN TO SUPPRESS THE UYGHURS. 4/25, 2:00-3:30pm (EDT), WEBCAST. Sponsor: Kissinger Institute on China and the United States (KICUS). Speakers: Bradley Jardine, Schwarzman Scholar, Schwarzman Scholar, Tsinghua University (Beijing, China), Research Consultant, Oxus Society for Central Asian Affairs; Moderator: Robert Daly, Director, KICUS. 

CITIES FORTIFYING DEMOCRACY: A CONVERSATION WITH THE MAYOR OF WARSAW. 4/25, 2:30-3:15pm (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF). Speakers: Heather A. Conley, President, GMF; Rafał Trzaskowski, Mayor, City of Warsaw, Poland; Moderator: Laura Thornton, Director, Alliance for Securing Democracy, GMF. 

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE (AMR) AS A GLOBAL SECURITY THREAT: DESTABILIZING FOOD SYSTEMS AND HEALTHY COMMUNITIES. 4/25, 3:00-4:00pm (EDT), LIVESTREAM & IN-PERSON, Washington, DC. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Rasmus Prehn, Minister, Danish Food, Agriculture, and Fisheries; Rod Schoonover, Head, Ecological Security Group, Council On Strategic Risks; Junxia Song, AMR Focal Point and Senior Animal Health Officer, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization; Moderator: Caitlin Welsh, Director, Global Food Security Program. 

UKRAINIAN NATIONAL IDENTITY AND RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE FAILURE. 4/25, 5:00-6:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Institute of World Politics. Speaker: Ethan S. Burger, IWP Cyber Intelligence Instructor, International Attorney. 

Sunday, April 10, 2022

Monday Asia Events April 11, 2022

THE WAR IN UKRAINE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR OUR NUCLEAR FUTURE
. 4/11, 1:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Speakers: Francesca Giovannini, Executive Director, Project on Managing the Atom, Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School; Pavel Podvig, Nuclear Expert, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists; Manpreet Sethi, Senior Fellow, Indian Council of Social Science Research; Lauren Sukin, MacArthur Nuclear Security Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University. 

WHO INNOVATES IN KOREA? 4/11, 5:00pm (PDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. Speaker: Jihong Lee, Professor of Economics, Seoul National University; Moderator: Munseob Lee, Assistant Professor of Economics, School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. 

DECODING COMMON PROSPERITY: CAN XI END CHINA’S GILDED AGE? 4/11, 1:00-2:30pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Asian Studies Program, School of Foreign Service, GU. Speakers: Yuen Yuen Ang, Author, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Michigan, Can Xi End China’s Gilded Age; Moderator: Evan Medeiros, Penner Family Chair in Asian Studies, School of Foreign Service, GU. 

THE RISE AND FALL OF THE NEOLIBERAL ORDER: AMERICA AND THE WORLD IN THE FREE MARKET ERA. 4/11, 4:00-5:30pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: National History Center; Wilson Center (WWC). Speaker: author, Gary Gerstle, Author, Mellon Professor of American History, University of Cambridge; Lizabeth Cohen, Howard Mumford Jones professor of American Studies, Harvard University; Kristina Spohr, Professor of International History, London School of Economic and Political Science. 

CHINA, SEMICONDUCTORS AND GLOBAL COMPETITION. 4/11, 7:00-8:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Asian/Pacific Studies Institute, Duke University. Speaker: Jimmy Goodrich, Vice President for Global Policy, Semiconductor Industry Association; Moderator: Denis Simon, Senior Adviser to the President, China Affairs and Professor of China Business and Technology, Fuqua School of Business, Duke. 

AMERICA: A SINGAPORE PERSPECTIVE. 4/11, 9:00-10:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: East-West Center in Washington. Speakers: H.E. Tommy Koh, Ambassador-At-Large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore & Professor of Law, National University of Singapore; Mr. Daljit Singh, Visiting Senior Fellow, ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute; and Dr. Satu P. Limaye, Vice President, East-West Center & Director, East-West Center in Washington. 

MINAMATA & FUKUSHIMA: STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTER. 4/12, Noon (JST) / 4/11, 11:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Institute of Contemporary Asian Studies (ICAS), Temple University Japan. Speakers: Aileen Mioko Smith, Executive Director, Green Action; Yuki Miyamoto, Professor of ethics, Department of Religious Studies, DePaul University; Moderator: Kyle Cleveland, Temple University Japan. 

DEMOCRACY UNDER SIEGE: WHAT DOES THE UKRAINE CRISIS MEAN FOR TAIWAN? 4/11, 10:00am-11:30pm (EDT), LIVESTREAM. Sponsor: Atlantic Council. Speakers: James L. Jones, Jr., Executive Chairman Emeritus, Former National Security Advisor to the President of the United States, Founder, Jones Group International; Michelle Flournoy, Chair, Board of Directors, Center for a New American Security, Co-founder and Managing Partner, WestExec Advisors. 

Remembering the Bataan Death March

Eighty Years Ago the horrors of today's war in Ukraine recall the atrocities committed by the Japanese empire during World War II.

by Mindy Kotler, director, Asia Policy Point

Published April 9, 2022 in the National Interest

Pvt. Lester Tenney of Illinois’ 192nd Tank Battalion felt lucky. The Japanese officer’s sword missed his head and neck. Although he was left with a large gash on his shoulder, medics could quickly sew it up and he was soon back on the dusty road up the Bataan Peninsula. To fall behind or to falter guaranteed death. Like the civilians of Ukraine’s besieged cities, the surrendered soldiers and civilians on the Bataan Death March were defenseless and at the barbarous mercy of the invaders. It began eighty years ago today, on April 9, 1942.

The Bataan Death March is remembered as one of the greatest war crimes of World War II. The Japanese commanders involved were prosecuted for crimes against humanity or for violating the international laws of war and executed. So seminal in American history were these events that Bataan is part of the American lexicon as a metaphor for a tortuous undertaking. It is why National Former Prisoner of War (POW) Recognition Day is held every April 9th. 

It is also one of the few Japanese war crimes for which the Japanese government has made a specific effort to atone. In 2009, the Japanese ambassador to the United States Ichiro Fujisaki, prompted by Tenney, traveled to the last convention of the American POWs of Japan and offered his country’s apology.  The ambassador also arranged a visitation program to Japan for surviving POWs.

“We extend a heartfelt apology for our country having caused tremendous damage and suffering to many people, including prisoners of war, those who have undergone tragic experiences in the Bataan Peninsula, Corregidor Island, in the Philippines, and other places,” he told the men and their families.

This apology, which never appeared on the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs website, was repeated to four visiting delegations of American POWs by three Japanese Foreign Ministers. Japan’s current prime minister, Fumio Kishida, when serving as foreign minister, met with the 2013 POW group. Among them were two Bataan Death March survivors, including a Native American survivor, as well as two widows of Death March survivors. To his credit, he participated in the first principle of reconciliation, which is to hear their story.

The full story is that the Death March came after four months of combat starting when Japan attacked the Philippines within hours of bombing Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. A three-month siege of the Bataan Peninsula accompanied by a starvation diet, air and artillery bombardment, and disease had taken their toll. The Allies’ Europe-first policy combined with Japan’s control of the sea and air ensured that neither resupply nor reinforcement of the Philippines would come.

In the early morning hours of April 9, 1942, the newly appointed commanding general of Am-Fil forces on the Bataan Peninsula, Maj. Gen. Edward P. King Jr., realized that his troops faced slaughter if they continued to fight. He decided the rational course was to order the men and women under his command—against Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s orders—to surrender. Thus, 78,000 troops (66,000 Filipinos and 12,000 Americans) were taken captive by Imperial Japan.  Among them there were dozens of European civilians—Czechs, Estonians, Latvians, Norwegians, Germans, Finns, Dutch, and British—who had volunteered to join the fight. In addition, there were at least 10,000 in two field hospitals in Bataan. It is the largest contingent of U.S. soldiers ever to surrender.

Focused on saving his exhausted and ailing troops, King could not imagine the horrors that surrender would hold. On the same day as the surrender, the Japanese put the survivors on what has become known as the Bataan Death March. It is estimated that perhaps 2,000 either swam the three shark-infested, mined miles to the fortress island of Corregidor (No one on Corregidor was on the Death March) or disappeared into the jungle. Those who made it to Corregidor became immediately members of the 4th Marines fighting shore defense. Corregidor and the associated three island fortresses surrendered on May 6th. 

The Bataan Death March was a poorly commanded effort to move the surrendered troops and civilians on the peninsula to a POW camp one hundred miles north. The result was that the Japanese neglected the sick and killed the wounded; denied the POWs food, water, and medical care; and abused, robbed, and tortured them. Many men stamped into the road by tanks or shot trying to drink from a stream remain missing. 

For most, the first leg of the Death March was sixty-five miles from the port of Mariveles at the southern tip of the Bataan Peninsula up the East Road to a train terminal at San Fernando. Others arrived at the East Road at the village of Pilar after a sixteen-mile trek from Bagac on the west side of Bataan. It took an average of five days in the tropical heat for the terrorized, sick, and starving men to reach the station. There they were stuffed standing one hundred at a time into small, unventilated boxcars for a twenty-four-mile ride north to the town of Capas. Many died in these rolling ovens.

The survivors were forced to walk another five miles to Camp O'Donnell, an unfinished Philippine Army training camp. With only two spigots of water and no sanitation, the camp was quickly compared with the Confederacy's Andersonville prison camp. Hundreds died of disease, starvation, dehydration, and despair. Most of the deaths from the Death March happened here or at its successor camp, Cabanatuan. 

Survivors of the Bataan Death March endured three-and-a-half years of death camps, brutal labor, and unimaginable indignities and injury. Many were taken to Japan aboard hellships to be slave laborers for Japanese companies in Formosa, Japan, Manchuria, and Korea.  Again they were denied food, medical care, clothes, and adequate housing. 

Tenney ended up in Mitsui’s Omuta coal mine near Nagasaki. The working conditions were so severe that POWs traded their meager meals to have their arm or leg broken so that they would get a short reprieve from going back underground. Today, the mine is a UNESCO World Industrial Heritage site.

More than half the Americans taken prisoner on Bataan died before war’s end. This was greater than the overall death rate for American POWs of Japan, which was 40 percent. It was more deadly to be a POW than a combat Marine in the Pacific. By comparison, the death rate for Americans taken prisoner by the Nazis was less than two percent.

As horrifying as the Bataan Death March was, it was not an exception in Japan’s war. Other death marches were imposed upon American and Allied POWs throughout the Pacific.Torture and executions were commonplace. Death from overwork and malnutrition were the norm. Abuse was systematic.

How a country treats the defenseless and dependent is a measure of their citizens’ values. How the victims endure the neglect and damage inflicted upon them also reflects values. Like the men and women on Bataan, there is much to admire in the Ukrainians. They persist and endure.

As President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in August 1943, when the outcome of World War II was still uncertain, “The story of the fighting on Bataan and Corregidor—and, indeed, everywhere in the Philippines—will be remembered so long as men continue to respect bravery, and devotion, and determination.” This still holds true eighty years later.

Sunday, April 3, 2022

Monday Asia Events April 4, 2022

UKRAINE WAR & GLOBAL ENERGY IMPACTS TO 2030 – HOW CLEAN ENERGY WILL OUTPACE FOSSIL FUELS. 4/4, 9:00-10:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Carbon Tracker. Speakers: Mark Fulton, Project Director, Inevitable Policy Response (IPR); Catharina Hillenbrand von der Neyen, Head of Research, Carbon Tracker; Bo Lidegaard, Co-founder & Partner Kaya Group; Sean Kidney , CEO, Climate Bonds Initiative; Moderator: Kavita Srinivasan, Senior Manager, Vivid Economics. 

THE IMPACT OF THE UKRAINE CRISIS ON JAPANESE FOREIGN POLICY. 4/4, 9:00-10:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Stimson Center and Canon Institute for Global Studies. Speakers: Zack Cooper, Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute; Kuni Miyake, Research Director, Canon Institute for Global Studies; Céline Pajon, Research Fellow, Head, Japan Research, Center for Asian Studies, French Institute of International Relations. 

LOOKING NORTH: CONFERENCE ON SECURITY IN THE ARCTIC. 4/4, 9:00-11:30am (EDT), IN-PERSON, Washington DC. Sponsor: Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, Atlantic Council. Speakers: Matthew Kroenig, Deputy Director, Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, Atlantic Council; Torleiv Opland, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of Norway to the United States; The Hon. Melissa Dalton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Hemispheric Affairs, US Department of Defense; Moderator: Ali Rogin, Foreign Affairs Producer, PBS NewsHour. 

SEISMIC SHIFTS IN KOREAN POLITICS: A CONVERSATION WITH REP. YOUNG KIM. 4/4, 10:00-10:40am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsors: Former Members of Congress, Korea Society. Speakers: Rep. Young Kim (R-CA), Co-Chair, Congressional Study Group on Korea; Moderator: The Hon. Peter Roskam (R-IL, 2007-2019). 

ORIENTING EUROPEAN SECURITY: THE EU STRATEGIC COMPASS AND EU-US DEFENSE COOPERATION. 4/4, 10:30-11:30am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Atlantic Council. Speakers: Amb. Charles Fries, Deputy Secretary-General for Common Security and Defense Policy and Crisis Response, European External Action Service; Molly Montgomery, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of European & Eurasian Affairs, US Department of State; Moderator: Damir Marusic, Senior Fellow, Europe Center, Atlantic Council. 

CONFRONTING TODAY’S REALITY OF TOTALITARIAN STATES, DETERRENTS, AND DEPENDENCY. 4/4, 11:00-11:45am (EDT), VIRTUAL & IN-PERSON, Washington, DC. Sponsor: Heritage Foundation. Speakers: Rt Hon Sir Iain Duncan Smith MP, Former Leader, Conservative Party, Member of Parliament (Chingford and Woodford Green), UK; Nile Gardiner Ph.D., Bernard and Barbara Lomas Fellow, Director, Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom. 

THE TECHNOPOLAR WORLD. 4/4, 12:30-2:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Johns Hopkins, SAIS. Speaker: Ian Bremmer, President, Founder, Eurasia Group and GZERO Media, US. 

BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL, AND NUCLEAR WEAPONS: CAN THE WEST DETER RUSSIA FROM USING THEM? 4/4, 1:00-2:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: National Committee on American Foreign Policy (NCAFP). Speakers: The Honorable Andrew C. 'Andy' Weber, Senior Fellow, Janne E. Nolan Center on Strategic Weapons, Former Assistant Secretary of Defense, Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs; Mr. Ankit Panda, Stanton Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment, Editor-at-large, The Diplomat; Moderator: Ambassador (ret.) Susan M. Elliott, President, CEO, NCAFP. 

THE WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE WAR IN UKRAINE. 4/4, 1:00-2:15pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsors: Center for International Studies, Security Studies Program, MISTI MIT Russia Program. Speakers: Joel Brenner, Senior Research Fellow, Center for International Studies, MIT, former head of US counterintelligence, Director of National Intelligence; Taylor Fravel, Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science, Director, Security Studies Program, MIT; Roger Petersen, Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professor of Political Science, MIT; Jim Walsh, Senior Research Associate, Security Studies Program, MIT; Moderators: Carol Saivetz, Senior Advisor, Security Studies Program, MIT; Elizabeth Wood, Professor of History, MIT, Co-director, MISTI MIT-Russia Program. 

WHY NATIONS RISE: NARRATIVES AND THE PATH TO GREAT POWER. 4/4, 4:30-6:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University. Speaker: Manjari Chatterjee Miller, Council on Foreign Affairs, University of Oxford, author of Why Nations Rise: Narratives and the Path to Great Power (2021) and Wronged by Empire: Post-Imperial Ideology and Foreign Policy in India and China (2013). 

SANCTIONS ON RUSSIA: THE ENERGY AND FOOD DIMENSIONS. 4/4, 5:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. Speakers: Jennifer Burney, School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego; Stephan Haggard, School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego; Vijay V. Vaitheeswaran, The Economist; David G. Victor, School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego; Moderator: Lisa Friedman, The New York Times. 

HUMANITARIAN ACTION IN A TIME OF UNPRECEDENTED NEEDS. 4/4, 5:30-6:30pm (EDT), IN-PERSON, New Haven, CT. Sponsors: Jackson Institute for Global Affairs; Program on Refugees, Forced Displacement and Humanitarian Responses, MacMillan Center, Yale. Speaker: Richard Albright, former Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM), U.S. Department of State. 

WORLDVIEWS AND PLANETARY POLITICS: GARDENS, JUNGLES AND OCEANS: THE 2022 GASTON SIGUR MEMORIAL LECTURE WITH PRASENJIT DUARA. 4/4, 5:00-6:30pm (EDT), IN PERSON, Washington, DC. Sponsor: George Washington University (GWU). Speaker: Prasenjit Duara, Oscar Tang Chair, East Asian Studies, Duke University; Moderator: Gregg Brazinsky, Professor, History, International Affairs, Director, Asian Studies Program, Acting Director, Sigur Center for Asian Studies, Acting Co-Director, East Asia National Resource Center, GWU. 

Sunday, March 27, 2022

Monday Asia Event March 28, 2022

2022 GLOBAL ENERGY FORUM. 3/28-29 (EDT), WEBCAST. Sponsors: United Arab Emirates Ministry of Energy & Infrastructure; Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week; Atlantic Council. 

CHINA-RUSSIA RELATIONS: PEERS, ALLIES, COMPETITORS?
3/28, 9:00-10:30am (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor; Initiative for US-China Dialogue on Global Issues, GU. Speakers: Joseph Torigian, Assistant Professor, School of International Service, American University; Elizabeth Wishnick, Senior Research Scientist, China and Indo-Pacific Security Affairs Division, CNA; Yu Bin, Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Wittenberg University; Moderator: Evan Medeiros, Penner Family Chair in Asian Studies, School of Foreign Service, GU.

CHINA’S ROLE IN THE SMUGGLING OF SYNTHETIC DRUGS AND PRECURSORS.
3/28, 10:00-11:30am (EDT), ONLINE-ONLY. Sponsor: Brookings. Speakers: Vanda Felbab-Brown, Director, Initiative on Nonstate Armed Actors, Co-Director, Africa Security Initiative, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Security, Strategy, and Technology; Ryan Hass, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for East Asia Policy Studies, John L. Thornton China Center, Michael H. Armacost Chair, Chen-Fu and Cecilia Yen Koo Chair, Taiwan Studies, Nonresident Fellow, Paul Tsai China Center, Yale Law School; Rupert Stone, Independent Journalist, Analyst; Moderator: Claire Galofaro, National Writer, Associated Press. 

U.S. NAVCENT COMMANDER VICE ADMIRAL BRAD COOPER. 3/28, 10:00-11:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Middle East Institute (MEI). Speakers: Vice Adm. Brad Cooper, Commander, U.S. Naval Forces in U.S. Central Command (NAVCENT), U.S. Fifth Fleet, Combined Maritime Forces; Moderator: Bilal Y. Saab, Senior Fellow, Director, Defense and Security Program, MEI. 

WAHHABISM AND THE WORLD. 3/28, 12:30-1:30pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Berkley Center, GU. Speakers: Peter Mandaville, Editor, Senior Research Fellow, Berkley Center, GU; Alexander Thurston, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Cincinnati; Moderator: Annelle Sheline, Research Fellow, Middle East Program, Quincy Institute. 

REEXAMINING GLOBAL HEALTH: GLOBAL COMMONS, FINANCING PRIORITIES, AND THE ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH. 3/28, 11:00am-Noon (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: Center for Global Development. Speakers: Olusoji Adeyi, Former Director, Global Practice, Health, Nutrition & Population, World Bank; Dean Jamison, Emeritus Professor, University of California, San Francisco; Agnès Soucat, Head of Health and Social Protection, Agence Française de Développement; Prashant Yadav, Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development; Moderator: Amanda Glassman, Executive Vice President and Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development. 

FREEDOM OVER TYRANNY: A CONVERSATION WITH SENATOR JONI ERNST. 3/28, Noon-12:30pm (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: Hudson. Speakers: Senator Joni Ernst (R-IA); Bryan Clark, Senior Fellow, Director, Center for Defense Concepts and Technology, Hudson. 

THE EU, U.S. AND NATO: PARTNERS FOR GLOBAL SECURITY. 3/28, 1:00-2:00pm (EDT), LIVESTREAM. Sponsors: Global Europe Program, Kennan Institute, Wilson Center. Speakers: Stefano Sannino, Secretary General, European External Action Service; Duncan Wood, Vice President for Strategy & New Initiatives, Senior Advisor, Mexico Institute, Interim Director, Global Europe Program; Moderator: Robin S. Quinville, Former State Department Fellow, Sol M. Linowitz Visiting Professor of International Affairs, Hamilton College, New York, Senior Diplomat, formerly Chargé d’Affaires, U.S. Embassy in Berlin. 

ON THE UPCOMING NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FROM MICHAEL R. POMPEO AND NADIA SCHADLOW. 3/28, 2:00-2:20pm (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: Hudson. Speakers: Michael R. Pompeo, Former U.S. Secretary of State, Distinguished Fellow, Hudson Institute, ; Nadia Schadlow, Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute and former Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy. 

ORGANIZATIONS AND NATION-STATE CYBER THREATS IN THE CROSSHAIRS. 3/28, 3:00-4:00pm (EDT), LIVESTREAM. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Bryan Palma, Chief Executive Officer, Trellix; Brandon Wales, Executive Director, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency; John Fokker, Head of Cyber Investigations, Trellix; Matthew Noyes, Director, Cyber Policy and Strategy, U.S. Secret Service; Moderators: James A. Lewis, Senior Vice President and Director, Strategic Technologies Program, CSIS; Eugenia Lostri, Associate Fellow, Strategic Technologies Program, CSIS. 

IN A GLOBAL ERA: WHY MEMORY DEBATES HAVE EXPLODED NOW. 3/28, 3:45-5:45pm (EDT), ZOOM. Sponsor: Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University. Speakers: author, Sebastian Conrad, Global History University Professor, Freie Universität Berlin, Memory in a Global Era: Why Memory Debates Have Exploded Now; Nate George, Raphael Morrison Dorman Memorial Postdoctoral Fellow, Weatherhead Scholars Program, Harvard University, Kabl Wilkerson, PhD Candidate, Harvard University. 

IN CONVERSATION WITH SENATOR THE HON PENNY WONG
. 3/28, 4:00-5:00pm (EDT), LIVESTREAM. Sponsor: CSIS. Speaker: Senator the Hon Penny Wong, Leader of the Opposition, Senate and Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, Australia; Moderator: Charles Edel, Australia Chair, Senior Adviser, CSIS. 

MICRO-INSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF CAPITALISM: SECTORAL PATHWAYS TO GLOBALIZATION IN CHINA, INDIA, AND RUSSIA. 3/28, 4:30-6:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Columbia-Harvard China and the World Program. Speaker: Roselyn Hsueh, Associate Professor of Political Science, Temple University. 

Sunday, March 20, 2022

Monday Asia Events, March 21, 2022

CHINA, RUSSIA, AND UKRAINE WITH KEVIN RUDD. 3/21, 9:00-9:45am (EDT), LIVE ONLINE. Sponsor: Carnegie Endowment. Speaker: Kevin Rudd, former Australian Prime Minister, Head, Asia Society; Moderator: Aaron David Miller, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment. 

THE FREE WORLD RALLIES BEHIND UKRAINE—WILL IT BE ENOUGH? 3/21, 9:30am (EDT), ONLINE. Speakers: Melinda Haring, deputy director, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council; Michael Bociurkiw, nonresident senior fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council; Ambassador Oleh Shamshur, nonresident senior fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council, former Ukrainian ambassador to the United States and France; Ambassador Alexander Vershbow, Distinguished Fellow, Atlantic Council, former Deputy Secretary General, NATO; Minister Andriy Zagorodnyuk, Distinguished Fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council, former Minister of Defense of Ukraine. 

ECONOMY DISRUPTED: THE VIEW FROM FORT WORTH. 3/21, 10:00-11:00am (EDT), WEBCAST. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Mattie Parker, Mayor, Fort Worth; Moderators: Matthew P. Goodman, Senior Vice President, Economics; Sarah Ladislaw, Senior Associate (Non-resident), Energy Security and Climate Change Program. 

THE FUTURE OF US ENERGY PRODUCTION: A CONVERSATION WITH SEN. BILL CASSIDY. 3/21, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Hudson. Speakers: Dr. Bill Cassidy, U.S. Senator from Louisiana; Thomas J. Duesterberg, Senior Fellow, Hudson Institute. 

CHINA'S PATHWAY TO DECARBONIZATION. 3/21, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School. Speakers: Henry Lee, Director of the Environment and Natural Resources Program and Senior Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Daniel Schrag, Co-Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program, Harvard University. 

LOOKING FOR THE GOOD WAR: AMERICAN AMNESIA AND THE VIOLENT PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. 3/21, 4:00-5:30pm (EDT), ZOOM. Sponsors: History and Public Policy Program; Wilson Center. Speaker: author, Elizabeth D. Samet, Professor of English, West Point, Looking for the Good War: American Amnesia and the Violent Pursuit of Happiness.  PURCHASE BOOK

EASING SUPPLY CHAIN BOTTLENECKS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE. 3/21, 4:45pm (EDT), VIRTUAL. Sponsor: Global Supply Chains Forum, World Trade Organization (WTO). Speakers: Charles (Bud) Darr, Executive Vice President, Maritime Policy and Government Affairs, MSC Group; Clemence Cheng, Managing Director, Europe, Hutchison Ports; Seedy Keita, Minister of Trade, Industry, Regional Integration and Employment, The Gambia; Rubana Huq, Managing Director, Mohammadi Group; Victoria Claverie, Head of Trade - Europe, Standard Chartered; Kemvichet Long, Ambassador and Chair, Council for Trade in Services; Luz María de la Mora Sánchez, Undersecretary for Foreign Trade, Secretariat of Economy, Mexico; Young Tae Kim, Secretary General, International Transport Forum; Penny Naas, UPS President for International Public Affairs and Sustainability; Ryan Petersen, CEO, Flexport; Geetha Tharmaratnam, CEO & Founding Partner at Aequalitas Capital Partners; Usha Chandnee Dwarka-Canabady, Ambassador and Incoming Chair, Committee on Trade and Development; Moderators: Alan Beattie, Senior Trade Writer, Financial Times; Adva Saldinger, Senior Reporter, Devex. 

THE FTC RULEMAKING AGENDA—DWINDLED INNOVATION THROUGH REGULATION? 3/21, 5:00-5:45pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. Speakers: D. Bruce Hoffman, Partner, Cleary Gottlieb; Timothy J. Muris, Professor of Law, George Mason University Foundation; Aurelien Portuese, Director, Antitrust and Innovation Policy, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation; Maureen K. Ohlhausen, Partner, Baker Botts. 

ALLIANCES AND THE OUTBREAK OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR. 3/21, 6:30-8:00pm (GMT), ONLINE & IN-PERSON, London, UK. Sponsor: IDEAS, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Speakers: Margaret MacMillan, Engelsberg Chair, IDEAS, LSE, Emeritus Professor, International History, University of Oxford, former Warden, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford; Moderator: Christopher Coker, Director, LSE IDEAS, former Professor, International Relations, LSE. 

CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE?: DECODING THE INDO-PACIFIC STRATEGIES OF CANADA, JAPAN, THE USA, AND EUROPE. 3/21, 7:00-8:30pm (EDT), ONLINE-WEBINAR. Sponsor: Consulate General of Japan in Toronto. Speakers: Akiko Fukushima, Tokyo Foundation for Policy Research; Jonathan T. Fried, Asia Pacific Foundation; Kristi Govella, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Nicolas Véron, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Yves Tiberghien, University of British Columbia; Deanna Horton, University of Toronto. 

RICHARD HAASS IN CONVERSATION WITH PEGGY NOONAN: A WORLD OF GROWING DISARRAY. 3/21, 7:30pm (EDT), ONLINE & IN-PERSON, New York, NY. Sponsor: 92nd Street Y (92Y). Speaker: Dr. Richard Haass, President, Council on Foreign Relations; Moderator: Peggy Noonan, Opinion Columnist, Wall Street Journal. fee.

JAPAN'S HIGH-TECH COMPETITIVENESS IN AN ERA OF U.S.-CHINA DECOUPLING. 3/21, 8:00-9:00pm. Sponsor: Harvard University. Speakers: Kazuyuki Motohashi, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo; Moderator: Christina L. Davis, Director, Program on U.S.-Japan Relations, Professor of Government, Susan S. and Kenneth L. Wallach Professor, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University. 

RISING CHINA RISKS TO TAIWAN AMID THE WAR IN UKRAINE: WHAT STRATEGY IS NECESSARY FOR THE U.S.-JAPAN ALLIANCE? 3/21, 8:00-10:00pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Japan Forum on International Relations [N.B.: said to be associated with Worldmate, nationalist Japanese organization]. Speakers: Kamiya Matake, Project Leader, Vice President, JFIR, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan; Sahashi Ryo, Associate Professor, University of Tokyo; Fukuda Madoka, Professor, Hosei University; Oba Mie, Professor, Kanagawa University; Kotani Tetsuo, Professor, Meikai University; Kawashima Shin, Vice Leader, Japanese Research Team, Distinguished Research Fellow, JFIR, Professor, University of Tokyo; Hosoya Yuichi, Vice Leader, Japanese Research Team, Distinguished Research Fellow, JFIR, Professor, Keio University; Patricia Kim, David M. Rubenstein Fellow, John L. Thornton China Center, Center for East Asia Policy Studies, Brookings; Nick Szechenyi, Senior Fellow, Deputy Director, Japan Chair, CSIS; Zack Cooper, Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute (AEI), Co-Director, Alliance for Securing Democracy; James Schoff, Leader, U.S. Research Team, Senior Director, Sasakawa Peace Foundation. 

IDENTIFYING AND COUNTERING CHINA’S GLOBAL DIGITAL STRATEGY (SEOUL). 3/22, 9:00-10:40am (Seoul), 3/21, 8:00-9:35pm (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR), Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS). Speakers: Joonkoo Yoo, Research Professor, Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security; Emily de la Bruyère, Non-resident Fellow, National Bureau of Asian Research; Karen Sutter, Senior Analyst, U.S.-China trade, investment, and economic issues; HyoYoung Lee, Assistant Professor, Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security; JinBaek Choi, Research Professor, Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security; Nigel Cory, Associate Director, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation; Alison Szalwinski, Vice President of Research, National Bureau of Asian Research. 

Monday, March 14, 2022

A Narrow Conservative Victory In Korea

Brings Relief, But Also New Challenges

By Daniel Sneider, Lecturer, International Policy at Stanford University and APP member

Toyo Keizai, March 10,2022

US and Japanese officials will breathe a sigh of relief behind closed doors at the victory of conservative Yoon Suk-yeol in the South Korean presidential election.

On the campaign trail, and in articles and interviews with senior aides, Yoon pledged to pursue all the policies that Washington and Tokyo are looking for in the next Korean administration: A tough line toward North Korea; a readiness to take on regional and global roles in coordination with the U.S. and its allies, even at the expense of ties to China; and a desire to drag Korea-Japan relations out of the deep hole they have sunk into.

But welcome as these words may be, the new Korean president will find it much harder to carry this out in practice.

Yoon will inherit an extremely challenging domestic political environment. Even by the normal standards of Korea’s rough and tumble politics, this election campaign was particularly nasty and neither the progressive nor the conservative candidates could overcome negative perceptions.

The extremely narrow election result, with the two candidates separated by less than one percent of the vote, demonstrated how deeply divided Koreans have become, not only by traditional factors such as regional identity, ideology, and class but now also by gender and generation.

The National Assembly will remain under progressive control for the next two years plus, facing off against a Korean president who has enormous constitutional powers. And Yoon, a former prosecutor, and outsider, will also face challenges, as was already clear in the campaign, from within the conservative party.

“Yoon will be better at managing the international community than domestic politics,” predicts Scott Snyder of the Council on Foreign Relations. “He could turn out to be exactly what we want to hear, but weak.”

Unfortunately for the new South Korean president, the international situation is particularly problematic. The geostrategic and global economic environment is now fundamentally changed by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. No matter what the outcome on the battlefield, we are now plunged into a highly militarized and deeply split world, one where Korea will find it increasingly difficult to avoid hard choices.

South Korean foreign policy, under both conservative and progressive leaders, has always tried to walk a delicate line between the great powers that surround it. While relying on the security alliance with the U.S., the Koreans have cultivated close economic ties to China, and reached out to Russia as well. In large part, that was driven by the goal of using China and Russia to put pressure on North Korea.

In an essay in Foreign Affairs, the leading American policy journal, published in early February, Yoon rejected the focus of the Moon Jae-in government on engagement with North Korea, at the expense of a broader global role. He embraced a strategic alignment with the U.S. that goes beyond dealing with Pyongyang, even advocating some participation in the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (the Quad).

While favoring ongoing cooperation with China, Yoon was notably critical of the Moon administration’s eagerness to yield to Chinese pressure. His views reflect growing anti-Chinese feeling in South Korea, showing up in polling results. The shift in public opinion, while perhaps not permanent, may have marginally impacted the election results, argued Stanford’s Gi-Wook Shin.

“The divided electorate is partly the result of Korea’s location, having to take into account China, Japan, Russia and the U.S.,” observes former senior State Department Korea hand David Straub. “The deep and angry division makes, and will continue to make, it very difficult for South Korea to forge a viable and sustainable policy toward the great powers.”

The Ukraine crisis has sharpened those policy choices. While Japan moved surprisingly quickly to join the U.S. and EU sanctions regime against Russia, the Moon administration hesitated at first. Publicly the Biden administration praises Korea for its decision to join forces – the President pointedly gave credit to Korea, along with Japan and other countries, in his State of the Union address. But privately senior officials admit that South Korea was shamed into it.

Relations with China pose a particular conundrum for the traditional Korean policy of ‘The United States for security, China for the economy.’ Yoon has pledged a “comprehensive strategic alliance with Washington,” one that includes coordination on multilateral issues in the Indo-Pacific and on issues like supply chain resilience and trade.

But, warns Snyder, “Yoon hasn’t grappled in public with the likelihood that South Korean relations with China will be impacted by enhanced alignment with the U.S.”

China’s decision to back Russia’s aggression is already leading to threats to impose additional sanctions against Chinese firms that supply Russia with semiconductors and other key technologies. Korea, and Japan, will be pressed to join in those moves.

The North Korea question

Ukraine may also significantly undermine the stated goal of shifting focus away from North Korea. Up until now, the Biden administration has been content to maintain the status quo with Pyongyang.

It has gone out of its way to accommodate the Moon administration’s desire to restart diplomatic engagement with the North, mostly confident that Kim Jong Un is not really interested in talks. The new administration in Seoul would seem to be even more ready to move in step with Washington, as Yoon as made it clear he is not interested in easing pressure on the North.

But Ukraine may shape North Korea’s own readiness to break free from the status quo, well beyond the latest increased tempo of missile testing. The just issued annual threat assessment report of the U.S. intelligence community states that in January, “North Korea began laying the ground for an increase in tensions that could include ICBM or possibly a nuclear test this year.” Satellite photos show evidence of early steps to repair the nuclear test site.

Bruce Klingner, a former U.S. intelligence analyst on Korea, sees hints of preparations for something to coincide with the celebration of the 110th anniversary of North Korean founder Kim Il Sung’s birthday on April 15. Some kind of major escalatory test is coming, he believes, “it’s just a question of when.”

While the testing plans have their own internal rationale and timetable, the North Koreans must be carefully watching Russia’s war and its use of nuclear threats to ward off U.S. intervention.

“The longer-term and more consequential impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine lies with whether Russia’s attempt to erase an international border might stand as a precedent for North Korea, which harbors its own revisionist aspirations regarding the erasure of the armistice line dividing the Korean peninsula,” Scott Snyder wrote this week in Council on Foreign Relations blog post.

The Japan-Korea question

The thorniest issue for a Yoon administration’s foreign policy may be relations with Japan. During the election campaign, Yoon and his aides repeatedly criticized the Moon administration for its mishandling of relations with Japan.

He called for a “rethink” of relations with Tokyo, harkening back to the spirit of the joint declaration issued in 1998 between South Korean leader Kim Dae Jung and Japanese Prime Minister Obuchi Keizo.

The Biden administration has been pounding away at both Seoul and Tokyo to improve relations and to tighten trilateral security coordination. Senior State Department officials express some hope that the advent of the new government in Seoul could provide a window of opportunity to break through the current impasse in ties.

They point to the small progress represented by the recent meeting of Japanese and Korean foreign ministers in Hawaii, under the watchful aegis of the U.S.

Privately, however, U.S. officials express some frustration not only with Korean insistence on dealing with the history issues but also with Japan’s continued actions that have only worsened ties.

The Hawaii meeting, they say, was undermined by Japan’s decision to seek UNESCO status for the Sado Island mines without any admission of the role played by Korean forced labor in those mines.

The idea that trilateral relations can be improved without confronting the problems of wartime history simply ignores the role as well of Korean public opinion, and of Japanese domestic politics.

“With Japan, there is a better chance that relations could be improved under Yoon,” says Klingner, a senior research fellow at the conservative Heritage Foundation, “but any Korean is going to set a high bar for Japan to improve relations. Yoon is more likely to focus on current threats but there will always be conditions that Japan will have to fulfill.”

And this puts pressure on Prime Minister Kishida Fumio who seems to be unwilling to break free from more hardline conservatives in the ruling party. Ironically, having a conservative government in power in Seoul, ready to engage, may pose even more of a problem for Japan.

“The Japanese will get a South Korean counterpart but one that also looks like it wants to do a lot more with Japan then [sic] the traffic seems to be willing to bear on the Japanese side,” says Snyder. The issues of forced labor and comfort women are not going to go away, he says.

The Biden administration will be watching this closely, especially if the President goes ahead with plans to hold a Quad summit in Japan in late May. There will be a crucial period between the election and the inauguration of the new President on May 10 when American officials will be exploring these issues with Yoon. He will likely send a transition team to Washington led by the next foreign minister and senior officials in the Biden administration are already preparing an agenda for those talks.

Whatever celebration is going on behind closed doors in Washington and Tokyo is not likely to last for very long. The hard work awaits.

Sunday, March 13, 2022

Monday Asia Events, March 14, 2022

🌻 DOES RUSSIA’S INVASION OF UKRAINE MEAN FOR THAILAND AND SOUTHEAST ASIA? 3/14, 8:00-10:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: New York Southeast Asia Network. Speakers: Nigel Gould-Davies, Senior Fellow, Russia and Eurasia, International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), Editor, Strategic Survey, IISS, former UK ambassador to Belarus; Thitinan Pongsudhirak, Director, Institute of Security and International Studies, Chulalongkorn University. 

THE BERSIH MOVEMENT, 2018 ELECTION, AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR MALAYSIAN POLITICS. 3/14, 9:00-10:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: East-West Center in Washington. Speakers: Dr. Lynette H. Ong, Associate Professor, Political Science, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto; Dr. Dan Slater, Ronald and Eileen Weiser Professor, Emerging Democracies and Weiser Center for Emerging Democracies, Director, Professor of Political Science, University of Michigan; Moderator: Dr. Satu P. Limaye, Vice President, Director, East-West Center in Washington. 

HARNESSING OPPORTUNITIES: CATALYZING GROWTH IN THE DATA-DRIVEN ECONOMY. 3/15, 9:30-10:30am (SGT) / 3/14, 9:30-10:30pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Hinrich Foundation. Speakers: Kurt Tong, Partner, Asia Group; Michaela Browning, Vice President for Government Affairs and Public Policy, Google Asia Pacific; Thomas Abell, Chief and Advisor, Digital Technology for Development Unit, Asian Development Bank; Kendra Schaefer, Partner, Trivium China. 

AEROSPACE NATION: GEN KENNETH S. WILSBACH. 3/14, 10:00am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies. Speaker: Gen Kenneth S. Wilsbach, Commander of the Pacific Air Forces, Air Component Commander, U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, Executive Director, Pacific Air Combat Operations Staff. 

🌻UKRAINE AND THE ARCTIC: PERSPECTIVES, IMPACTS, AND IMPLICATIONS. 3/14, 10:00-11:30am (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsors: Wilson Center; Polar Institute; Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. Speakers: Marisol Maddox, Senior Arctic Analyst, Polar Institute; Elana Wilson Rowe, Research Professor, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; James P. DeHart, U.S. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, U.S. Department of State; Ulf Sverdrup, Director, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs; Michael Sfraga, Chair & Distinguished Fellow, Polar Institute. 

AN ASSESSMENT OF 10 YEARS OF KORUS FTA AND FUTURE OF U.S.-KOREA ECONOMIC RELATIONS. 3/14, 10:00-11:00am (EDT), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Korean Economic Institute (KEI). Speakers: Kathleen Stephens, President & CEO, Korea Economic Institute (KEI); Kim Heungchong, President, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy; Yeo Han-Koo, Minister for Trade, Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy, Republic of Korea; Wendy Cutler, Vice President, Asia Society Policy Institute; Troy Stangarone, Senior Director and Fellow, Korea Economic Institute of America; Jeffrey J. Schott, Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics; Tami Overby, Senior Director, McLarty Associates; Kang Gu Sang, Research Fellow, Korea Institute of International Economic Policy; Koo Kyong Hyun, Research Fellow, Korea Institute of International Economic Policy; Ahn Dukgeun, Professor, Seoul National University; Troy Stangarone, Senior Director and Fellow, Korea Economic Institute of America.

PRC ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE ARCTIC: IMPLICATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE. 3/14, 10:30-11:45am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: CNA National Security Seminar. Speakers: Amb. Michael Mann, Ambassador at Large for the Arctic, European Union; Mr. Mark E. Rosen, Senior Vice President and General Counsel, CNA; Ms. Heidi Holz, Senior Research Scientist, China Studies Program, CNA; Moderator: Mr. Cornell Overfield, Research Analyst, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, CNA. 

PRC ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IN THE ARCTIC: IMPLICATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE. 3/14, 10:30-11:45am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: CNA National Security Seminar. Speakers: Amb. Michael Mann, Ambassador at Large for the Arctic, European Union; Mr. Mark E. Rosen, Senior Vice President and General Counsel, CNA; Ms. Heidi Holz, Senior Research Scientist, China Studies Program, CNA; Moderator: Mr. Cornell Overfield, Research Analyst, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program, CNA. 

🌻CYBER IN THE UKRAINE INVASION. 3/14, 11:00am-Noon (EDT), LIVESTREAM. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Senator Mark Warner (D-VA), Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence; Chris Painter, Former Coordinator for Cyber Issues, U.S Department of State; Greg Rattray, Partner, Co-Founder, Next Peak LLC; Moderator: James Andrew Lewis, Senior Vice President, Director, Strategic Technologies Program. 

COUNTER-DECOLONIZATION: POLICING MONEY AND RACE DURING THE LONG PHILIPPINE AMERICAN WAR. 3/14, Noon-1:30pm (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Center for Southeast Asia Studies, Filipinx and Philippine Studies Working Group, UC Berkeley. Speaker: Allan Lumba, Assistant Professor of History, Virginia Tech University; Moderator: Joshua Acosta, Ph.D. candidate, Ethnic Studies, UC Berkeley. 

🌻UNDERSTANDING RUSSIA IN UKRAINE. 3/14, Noon (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: JINSA. Speakers: Stephen Sestanovich, PhD, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Professor, Practice of International Diplomacy, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; Angela Stent, PhD, Director of the Center for Eurasian, Russian & East European Studies, Georgetown University; Michael Makovsky, PhD, President and CEO, JINSA. 

UNDERSTANDING U.S. COUNTERTERRORISM AND IRREGULAR OPERATIONS: AN EVENT TO HONOR THE MEMORY OF MICHAEL SHEEHAN. 3/14, Noon-1:00pm (EDT), ONLINE. Sponsor: New America. Speakers: Peter Bergen, Vice President, New America; Col. (ret.) Liam Collins, Executive Director of the Viola Foundation, Fellow, New America International Security Program, Former Director, Combating Terrorism Center at West Point; Luke Hartig, Fellow, New America International Security program, Former Senior Director for Counterterrorism, National Security Council, President, National Journal Research; Elisabeth Kendall, Research Fellow, Oxford University (Pembroke); Moderator: Karen J. Greenberg, Director, Center on National Security at Fordham Law, Fellow, New America International Security Program, Author, Subtle Tools: The Dismantling of American Democracy from the War on Terror to Donald Trump. 

CADRE OR CARTEL? THE EVOLUTION OF THE POLITICAL-PARTY SYSTEM IN THAILAND. 3/14, 2:30-3:30am (EDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS). Speakers: James Ockey, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, former ISEAS Visiting Fellow; Punchada Sirivunnabood, Visiting Fellow, Thailand Studies Programme, ISEAS, Yusof Ishak Institute, Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mahidol University, Bangkok. 

🌻RUSSIA INVADES UKRAINE: THE CURIOUSER AND CURIOUSER CASE OF CHINA. 3/14, 3:00-4:00 (PDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. Speakers: Tai Ming Cheung, Professor, School of Global Policy and Strategy, Director, UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation; Weiyi Shi, Assistant Professor, School of Global Policy and Strategy; Victor Shih, Associate Professor, Ho Miu Lam Chair, China and Pacific Relations, School of Global Policy and Strategy; Susan Shirk, Research Professor, Chair, 21st Century China Center, School of Global Policy and Strategy; Moderator: Stephan Haggard, Lawrence and Sallye Krause Professor of Korea-Pacific Studies, School of Global Policy and Strategy. 

UNDOING THE LIBERAL WORLD ORDER: PROGRESSIVE IDEALS AND POLITICAL REALITIES SINCE WORLD WAR II. 3/14, 4:00-5:30pm (EDT), ZOOM. Sponsors: Wilson Center; History and Public Policy Program. Speakers: author, Leon Fink, Distinguished professor of history emeritus , University of Illinois at Chicago, Undoing the Liberal World Order: Progressive Ideals and Political Realities Since World War II. 

THE KOREAN ELECTION. 3/14, 5:00pm (PDT), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. Speakers: Erik Mobrand, Korean Policy Chair, RAND Corporation; Moderator: Stephen Haggard, Lawrence and Sallye Krause Professor of Korea-Pacific Studies, School of Global Policy and Strategy, UC San Diego. 

Sunday, March 6, 2022

Asia Events, Monday March 7, 2022

KOREA'S PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: FORECAST AND IMPACT ANALYSIS. 3/7, 8:00am (EST), LIVESTREAM. Sponsor: Korea Society. Speakers: Michelle Ye Hee Lee, Chief, Seoul/Tokyo bureau, Washington Post; Karl Friedhoff, Marshall M. Bouton Fellow for Asian Studies, Chicago Council; Jeongmin Kim, Lead Correspondent, NK News, NK Pro; Dr. Katrin Katz, Van Fleet Nonresident Senior Fellow, Korea Society; Moderator: Jonathan Corrado, Policy Director, Korea Society. 

U.S.-JAPAN ALLIANCE COOPERATION IN THE POST-PANDEMIC WORLD. 3/7, 8:00-9:00am (EST), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsor: Stimson Center. Speakers: Riho Aizawa, Research Fellow, National Institute for Defense Studies; Ryosuke Hanada, Research Student, Macquarie University; Naritada Miura, Program Assistant, Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA; Ippeita Nishida, Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Japan. 

THE RUSSIAN INVASION OF UKRAINE: ONE WEEK LATER. 3/7, 9:00am (EST), WEBCAST. Sponsor: Asia Society Policy Institute (ASPI). Speakers: Kevin Rudd, President, ASPI; Hon. Carl Bildt, former Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, Sweden; Hon. Radoslaw Sikorski, European Parliament Member, Poland; Andrea Kendall-Taylor, Senior Fellow, Center for New American Security. 

PROMOTING DEMOCRACY IN A TURBULENT WORLD. 3/7, Noon (EST), ZOOM WEBINAR. Sponsors: Public Diplomacy Council, USC Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy, Public Diplomacy Association of America. Speaker: Tom Carothers, Senior Vice President, Carnegie for International Peace. 

AI, INNOVATION, AND WELFARE: A CONVERSATION WITH JOSEPH E. STIGLITZ. 3/7, 2:00-3:00pm (EST), WEBCAST. Sponsor: Brookings. Speaker: Joseph E. Stiglitz, Professor, Columbia University; Moderator: Anton Korinek, David M. Rubenstein Fellow, Brookings. 

GLOBAL SECURITY FORUM: FOREIGN POLICY IN AN ERA OF DOMESTIC DIVISION. 3/7, 2:00-5:00pm (EST), WEBINAR. Sponsor: CSIS. Speakers: Seth G. Jones, Senior Vice President, Harold Brown Chair, CSIS; Michael J. Green, Senior Vice President for Asia, Japan Chair, Henry A. Kissinger Chair, CSIS; William J. Lynn III, CEO, Leonardo/DRS; Nancy Youssef, National Security Correspondent, Wall Street Journal; John J. Hamre, President and CEO, CSIS; William Cohen, former Secretary of Defense; Leon Panetta, former Secretary of Defense. 

THIRTY YEARS OF US-KAZAKHSTAN RELATIONS: THE WINTER CRISIS AND PATH FORWARD. 3/7, 3:30-4:30pm (EST), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Atlantic Council. Speakers: Daniel Witt, President, International Tax and Investment Center; Ambassador John Herbst, Senior Director, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council; H.E. Yerzhan Ashikbayev, Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United States; Dr. Kamran Bokhari, Director of Analytical Development, Newlines Institute; Dr. Ariel Cohen, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council; Shelby Magid, Associate Director, Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council. 

HISTORY, DISRUPTED": HOW SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB HAVE CHANGED THE PAST. 3/7, 4:00-5:30pm (EST), WEBINAR. Sponsor: History and Public Policy Program, Wilson Center; Science and Technology Innovation Program, Wilson Center. Speakers: author, Jason Steinhauer, Global Fellow, Founder, History Communication Institute, "History, Disrupted": How Social Media and the World Wide Web Have Changed the Past; Christian F. Ostermann, Director, History and Public Policy Program, Cold War International History Project, North Korea Documentation Project, Nuclear Proliferation International History Project, Woodrow Wilson Center; Eric Arnesen, Former Fellow, Professor of History, The George Washington University.  PURCHASE BOOK 

WHY YOKOSUKA HOSTS AN AIRCRAFT CARRIER & WHY IT WILL HOST A SECOND. 3/7, 7:00-8:15pm (JST), WEBINAR. Sponsor: Yokosuka Council on Asia-Pacific Studies (YCAPS). Speaker: Tetsuo Kotani, Professor of Global Studies, Meikai University.